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The infant health effects of starting universal child benefits in pregnancy: evidence from England and Wales

I take advantage of a unique policy experiment in the UK to identify the infant health effects of starting universal child benefits in pregnancy. Leveraging administrative birth registrations and hospital microdata from England, I study the effects …

The Conservative Governments' Record on Early Childhood from May 2015 to pre-COVID 2020: Policies, Spending and Outcomes

This paper uses the Social Policies and Distributional Outcomes framework to evaluate the record of successive Conservative administrations on early childhood during the period between 2015 and the eve of the COVID-19 pandemic in February 2020. The …